搜索
查看: 416|回复: 3

Except 和 except for 的区别

[复制链接]

签到天数: 2 天

[LV.1]初来乍到

发表于 2015-9-18 13:00:22 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Except or except for?


We often use except and except for as prepositions to mean ‘not including’ or ‘excluding’. They are followed by a noun or noun phrase or a wh-clause. Both except and except for are correct after a noun:
-I like all fruit except (for) oranges. (excluding oranges)
-Except for Louisa, who’s away in Berlin this weekend, we’ll all be at the party.
-She likes going to most sports events, except cricket matches.

Except can also be used as a conjunction. We don’t use except for in this way:
-The brothers are very alike, except (that) Mark is slightly taller than Kevin.

Except and except for are used in similar ways to apart and apart from.

                                          -from English Grammar Today





This is the Cambridge on line dictionary definition.

except
preposition, conjunction
not including; but not:
The museum is open daily except Monday(s).
The government has few options except to keep interest rates high.
It's cool and quiet everywhere except in the kitchen.
Everyone was there except for Sally.
There is nothing to indicate the building's past, except (for) the fireplace.
They look very similar except that one is a little taller.

签到天数: 2 天

[LV.1]初来乍到

 楼主| 发表于 2015-9-18 13:01:35 | 显示全部楼层
(1) 在意义上的区别

except主要用来谈论同类的东西,而except for则主要用来谈论不同类的东西,在说明情况后作细节上的修正,有时含有惋惜之意。如:

We had a pleasant time, except for the weather. 我们玩得很高兴,只是天气不太好。

(2) 用于句首时的区别

此时只用except for,不用except。如:

Except for Jim, everyone went there. 除吉姆外,大家都去了。

(3) 两者可以互换的场合

当用于all, every, no, everything, anybody, nobody, nowhere, whole等表示概括性的词语后面时,两者可互换。如:

You couldn’t hear anything except (for) the noise of Louise typing. 除了路易丝打字的声音外,你什么也听不到。

但是下面一句要用except for,因为其前没有上面提到的概括性的词语:

The house was quiet except for the noise of Louise typing. 除了路易丝打字的声音外,房里安安静静的。

签到天数: 285 天

[LV.8]以坛为家I

发表于 2015-11-6 09:16:13 | 显示全部楼层
很好,很好
点评回复

使用道具 举报

52RD网友  发表于 2018-2-7 10:56:53
温故知新
回复

使用道具

高级模式
B Color Image Link Quote Code Smilies

本版积分规则

手机APP| 小黑屋|Archiver|52RD我爱研发网 ( 沪ICP备11014270号-1

GMT+8, 2018-6-20 01:46 , Processed in 1.311686 second(s), 30 queries , Gzip On.

Powered by Discuz! X3

© 2001-2013 Comsenz Inc.

快速回复 返回顶部 返回列表